Udaipur district is located in the lap of the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, within the inner Madhes region of the Chure mountain range from the Mahabharata range. This district belongs to the Everest Zone of the Eastern Development Region of Nepal. The area of this district, which is narrowing from east to west, is 2063 square kilometers (206300 ha). Covering the hills, Beshi, Tar, and Terai on the basis of topography, this district ranks 20th in Nepal, 4th in the Eastern Development Region, and 2nd in the Everest Zone. It is bounded on the north by Bhojpur and Khotang and some parts of Vakhaldhunga on the north, on the west by Sindhuli and Dhanusha, on the south by Sirha and Saptari districts, and on the east by Sunsari and Dhankuta districts. Thus, Udaipur borders 9 districts, Which is the second district bordering many districts of Nepal. The district, which has heterogeneous geography, has settlements scattered and thin with steep hills under the Mahabharata range, while the plains between the Mahabharata foothills and the Chure range have dense forests in the Chure region on the southern border.
Triyuga Municipality is also known as Triyuga Upatyaka. Headquartered in Gaighat (Bokse) in the same municipality, the district is located at an altitude of 360 meters to 2310 meters above sea level.
Geographical location Of Udayapur District Nepal:
Latitude: 26039’0 “to 270 1’10” North Latitude Boundary: East: Bhojpur, Khotang, and Okhaldhunga
West: Sindhuli and Dhanusha South, Siraha and Saptari
East: Dhankuta and Sunsari
Area: 2063 sq km
Geographical Division: Hills, Terai and Inner Madhes
Political boundaries Of Udayapur District Nepal
The district is geographically divided into Sunkoshi in the north, Saptakoshi in the east, Kamala in the west and Chure mountains in the south. Most of the southern boundary work is separated from Siraha and Saptari by the Chure Hills. The Chure Hills, which have been continuously losing ground in the west from Afghanistan, come to an end in this district. Legend has it that the name of this district was changed to Udaipur as a king named Uday ruled the district earlier. Before 2028 BS, the district headquarters was located at Udaipur Gadhi in the present Panchawati VDC. The district headquarters has been shifted to Gaighat from June 26, 2028 BS. It is located 27 km north of Kadamaha on the Mahendra Highway.
The district is situated between the Mahabharata range and the Chure mountain range. There are scattered and thin settlements, flat plains in the Chure range from the foothills of the Mahabharata, and forests in the Chure region on the southern border. The district is also considered as the Inner Madhes as there are two large elongated plains between the Mahabharata and the Chure range. Risku, Triveni and Katari VDCs are located in the western part of the district while Thoksila, Tapeshwari, Basaha, Beltar, Sunderpur, Hadiya, Jogi Dah and 10 other VDCs and a Triyuga municipality are located in the eastern part of the district.
The remaining 34 VDCs fall from ordinary hills to remote hills. There are 10 VDCs including Tapeshwari, Basaha, Beltar, Sunderpur, Hadiya, Jogi Dah and one Triyuga municipality. The remaining 34 VDCs fall from ordinary hills to remote hills. There are 10 VDCs including Tapeshwari, Basaha, Beltar, Sunderpur, Hadiya, Jogi Dah and one Triyuga municipality. The remaining 34 VDCs fall from ordinary hills to remote hills.
Administrative Division Of Udayapur District Nepal
The district has 2 parliamentary constituencies, 4 municipalities and 4 village municipalities.
-Land area, soil erosion, land use and water storage
-Land area. Based on the topography, the district can be divided into three types of topography.
The Sunkoshi River in the north and the hilly terrain up to the upper part of the Mahabharata in the south. About 60% of the district is covered by this terrain. About 1100 min. At an altitude of 2310 m, this area includes high hills and peaks like Lekhani, Majhkharka (Nametar), Rauta Pokhari.
-Besi and Terai area
about 550 meters to 1100 meters in height. Covering about 9% of the district’s area, this area includes small valleys like Nepaltar, Murkuchi and Mainatar and valleys and ravines like Bahunitar, Bhuttar, Hardeni.
-Terai Territory Located
at an altitude of 360 m to 550 m above sea level, this land covers about 31% of the area of this district known as Inner Madhes. Located mainly on the border of Triyuga and Tawa rivers, the Chure Hills are located in the southern part of this landform. This area is severely affected by river erosion. The major places of the district are Gaighat, Katari and Beltar.
As Udaipur district is a district of rivers and streams, the land around the rivers and streams is covered with loamy soil and other places have loamy, sandy loam and loamy soils. According to the test details of the soil, the soil of this district is found to be only partially acidic and alkaline and the rest is neutral. As the large area of the district is covered with hills and slopes, the useful area for agriculture is limited. Generally, in the ancient agricultural system, paddy, maize, millet and wheat are the major crops of this district. Their productivity is also higher, especially in the plains. Oranges, pears, on the hilly and sloping slopes of the district. Although cardamom is cultivated, it has not been developed due to lack of market and financial institutions. Only 15% of the total land area of this district is cultivable land. Out of the total 30944 hectares of cultivable land, the land irrigated for 12 months is 8150 hectares and the land irrigated only during the rainy season is 7000 hectares. The irrigated area is 15794 hectares.
Soil erosion potential area
About 60% of the district is covered by hilly terrain and most of the land is sloping. Due to the complex and fragile soil conservation and structure, many parts of the district are prone to landslides. Since most of the area is hilly, the topsoil moves to the lower area. Due to this, the problem of floods and river erosion is increasing every year and the river bed is increasing tremendously. In the Terai region of Nepal, the river rises at an average rate of 15 cm per year, but in Udaipur it is estimated to be about 1 meter. If the river, the bottom of the river, is to increase in this order, then in a few years, the river will be in the place of settlement, in the place of agriculture, A mound can be seen where the river flows and where there was a river before. Due to the erosion of loamy soil in the hilly areas and erosion in some places due to land erosion, the fertility of the land in this district has declined and the living standard of the people is declining day by day. The problem of soil erosion and flooding of the lower area is most prevalent in the lower part of the Chure area. Many tons of soil is washed away from the Chure hills every year and the lower area is being filled with sandy soil. A similar problem has been created by the rain-soaked soil from the Mahabharata.
Climate Of Udayapur District Nepal
Monsoon climate in this district is characterized by more rainfall from Jestha, Ashadh to Bhadra and Asoj and less rainfall in winter. The district has a maximum temperature of 410 degrees Celsius, a minimum of 160 degrees Celsius and an average rainfall of 2,152 millimeters. Out of the total rainfall, about 80% is monsoon and 20% is volcanic. The climate here is affected by the height of the land, sea distance, mountain face, mountain latitude etc. Although the district has two types of climate, warm climate and warm temperate climate, it also has cold temperate climate at an altitude of over 2100 m (2100-23100 m). In terms of area, 80.6% of the land is hot, 18.8% is warm temperate and 0.6% is cold temperate.
Land Use Of Udayapur District Of Nepal
1.8.1 Rural Area Current Land
Use Most of this district is in rural areas. Triyuga municipality area can be counted as a city. All other parts fall in rural areas. Out of the total area of 2,06,300 hectares of land in the district, only 30,944 hectares (15%) is cultivable land. Out of the total cultivable land, irrigation facility is available in 8,767 hectares of land. Forests and saplings cover 72.98% of the land area of the district while rivers and dwellings cover about 5.34% of the land area. About 4.42% of the district is covered by pastures.
1.8.2. If the current land use
municipality area is considered as an urban area only, then the area of Triyuga municipality, the only municipality in this district, can be considered as an urban area. As its area is only about 287 square kilometers, 13.91% of the district is covered by urban areas. But even though the urban markets like Katari, Murkuchi and Beltar remain in the VDC, if these areas are taken as urban areas, the percentage of urban area of this district will be slightly higher.
Most of the land in Udaipur district is hilly. The higher the slope of the land, the greater the probability of soil erosion. From an ecological point of view, land with a slope of up to 18% (90 degrees is considered 100% slope) has very minimal soil erosion. Therefore, in some developed countries, the use of land with a slope of more than 18% is controlled and the land with a slope of more than 50% is kept as fully protected land (Rayoa, 2057). But no such policy has been adopted in Nepal. Geographically, Udaipur district is divided into Terai and Inner Madhes, High Hills and Mid Hills. Most of the upper and central hills have a slope of more than 30 degrees, so there is little arable land in this area.
There are small and big rivers and ponds as the water source of the district. Although there are small ponds like Rauta Pond, Suke Pond, Tapli Pond, Jogidaha Chure Forest Pond and Jhilke Pond, there are no significant lake ponds. The largest river in the district is the Triyuga. The other two major rivers, the Tawa River flows through the western region and the Vaidyanath River, and the machine reaches the Tawa River. Other rivers in the district include Kakru Khola, Yari Khola, Rankuli, Baruwa Khola, Andheri, Bahadur Khola and Rasuwa Khola as tributaries while Sunkoshi, Saptakoshi and Kamala rivers are the border rivers. These small ponds, as the reservoir of this district, Rivers and surface water only. In terms of water utilization, the rivers of this district have been used for limited irrigation. Could not be used for other purposes. Due to the increasing deforestation in the catchment areas of these rivers and streams and the lack of proper conservation, these rivers have started cutting down a lot of rivers, which is the biggest problem in this district.
Major Tourist, Historical and Places To Visit In Udayapur District Nepal
There are some tourist areas in this district. Some of them are tourist areas of historical, religious and cultural importance while some are historical and other tourist areas. Some of the major tourist destinations in the district are as follows:
(A) Triveni Mela
(b) Udaipur Cement Factory
(c) Tapli Pond
(d) Chaudandi Durbar
(e) Udaipur Fort
(f) Rauta Pond
(g) Belka Durbar (Ruins)
(J) ) Paatle Chhango
Places of Religious and Historical Importance
Rauta Bhagwati, Panchavati Temple, Chaudandi Shivalaya, Indreshwar Mahadev Dhimki, Khat Temple, Bagchauri, Asariko Shivalaya, Churia Mai, Ram Janaki Temple, Motigada, Siddheshwar Mahadev Chuhade, Ganesh and Bhagwati Temple, Shiva Jaljale Temple, Radha Krishna Temple Gaighat, Katari-2 Temple of Ishta Dev of Danuwar caste, Gupteswar Mahadev Temple, Kakani Temple Kalikhola etc. are places of religious importance while Chaudandi Gadhi, Udaipur Gadhi, Belkatari Darwar, Khat Bazaar, Rang Mahal, Tankela Cave Are places of historical significance.
Major rivers Saptakoshi
, Rasuwa, Triyuga, Baruwa, Kang Khola, Dwar Khola, Tawa Khola, Vaidyanath Khola, Kakaru Khola, Badura Khola, Kamala Khola etc. are prominent.
Major Lakes / Ponds
The major ponds of this district are Rauta Pond, Suke Pond, Tapli Pond, Jhilke Pond, Than Pond, Jogidaha Pond etc.
Major places of commercial importance
The major commercial places of this district are Gaighat, Katari, Beltar, Ghurmi, Jaljale, Nepaltar, Murkuchi, Rampur Thoksila etc.
Urbanization and the pattern of settlement development
The urbanization process has intensified after the road and electricity facilities reached the district headquarters Gaighat. All the government offices are located here, education and health facilities are available in this place as compared to other places in the district and after the construction of Gaighat Diktel Highway has started, the tendency to move to this market from other parts of the district and neighboring districts has increased. As the settlements in this place are growing rapidly, it is necessary to develop roads, drinking water, sewerage, etc. from the systematic town plan.
Pattern of Slum Development and Settlement
Range In the rural areas of this district, there are about two thousand CBS, 20696 settlements were seen in 2068). As most of the district is hilly, many settlements are thin and scattered. It seems to cost more to provide infrastructure and other facilities in these settlements.
Find Udayapur District In map Of Nepal
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