Who was Clarissa Harlowe Barton? Clara Barton (December 25,1821 A.D – April 12, 1912 A.D)


Introduction of Clarissa Harlowe Barton(Clara Barton)

Clara Barton (December 25,1821 A.D – April 12, 1912 A.D), American humanitarian and founder of the American Red Cross (see Red Cross).Decorated with the German Iron Cross for her efforts in treating injured soldiers during the Franco-Prussian War, Clarissa Harlowe Barton went on to help establish the American Red Cross, where she remained as president until 1904. Through her efforts, the American Amendment was added to the Red Cross charter, which enabled the Red Cross to serve victims of natural disasters as well as those caught up in the horrors of war.

Barton Education and working life

Barton was born in Oxford, Massachusetts, December 25, 1821 A.D, and educated at home, chiefly by her two brothers and two sisters.  Clarissa Harlowe Barton was a teacher at first and the founder of various free schools in New Jersey. In 1854 A.D she became a clerk in the Patent Office, Washington, D.C., but resigned at the start of the American Civil War to work as a volunteer, distributing supplies to wounded soldiers. After the war Clara Barton supervised a systematic search for missing soldiers. Between 1869 A.D and 1873 A.D Barton lived in Europe, where she helped establish hospitals during the Franco-Prussian War and was honored with the Iron Cross of Germany. Through Barton’s efforts the American Red Cross Society was formed in 1881 A.D; she served as the first president of the organization until 1904 A.D.

Clarissa Harlowe Barton Red Cross life

In 1884 A.D she represented the United States at the Red Cross Conference and at the International Peace Convention in Geneva.  Clarissa Harlowe Barton was  totally responsible for the introduction at this convention of the “American amendment,” which established that the Red Cross was to serve victims of peacetime disasters as well as victims of war. She superintended relief work in the yellow-fever pestilence in Florida (1887 A.D), in the Johnstown, Pennsylvania, flood (1889 A.D), in the Russian famine (1891 A.D), among the Armenians (1896), in the Spanish-American War (1898), and in the South African War (1899 A.D-1902 A.D). The last work that she personally directed was the relief of victims of the flood at Galveston, Texas, in 1900 A.D. She died in Glen Echo, Maryland, on April 12, 1912 A.D. She wrote several books on the Red Cross and Story of My Childhood (1907 A.D).

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